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Oyster Mushroom Farming

Oyster Mushroom

Category: Crop
Sub Category: Fungi/Algae

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Oyster mushrooms are one of the most popular mushrooms to cultivate, and their history of farming dates back to the early 1900s. The first recorded instance of oyster mushroom cultivation was in Germany in 1917, when a scientist named Heinrich Falck successfully grew the mushrooms on logs. Falck's method was quickly adopted by other farmers, and oyster mushroom cultivation soon spread to other parts of the world.

Oyster mushrooms are the most popular type of mushroom grown in Africa, as they are relatively easy to grow and can be grown on a variety of substrates, including wood chips, sawdust, and straw.

Locally known as Swahili: Uyoga; Luhya: Obwoba; Luo: Obwolo; Kikamba: Makunu; Kikuyu: Makunu; Kalenjin: Bobar. Cultivated mushrooms are edible fungi that grow on decaying organic matter, known as a substrate. They do not rely on sunlight to grow. Mushrooms start as very small spores then grow in the substrate to produce a network of fine white filaments called mycelium then the mushroom fruit is produced, which is then harvested. Mushrooms are a valuable source of food and their cultivation can be a viable small-scale business, but investing in a mushroom growing scheme can be risky so looking for potential markets and supply chains is a priority.

Oyster Mushroom is the easiest to farm and take a shorter period to grow.

Maturity: 30 Days

Expected Yield: 2kg of substrate produce 0.5 kgs of Mushroom.

Nutritional Value: Mushrooms are a rich, low calorie source of fiber, protein, and antioxidants. They may also mitigate the risk of developing serious health conditions, such as Alzheimer's, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.

Growing Room Temperature: 18 - 25 C. Growing house to maintain humidity of (RH 65-95%) with dim lighting.

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