Chilli Pepper

INTRODUCTION

Chili peppers originated in the Americas. Chili peppers have been a part of the human diet in the Americas since at least 7500 BC.

PRODUCTION

Varieties Long Cayenne  Chilli Pepper
Seed Rate 200-800 grams per hectare
Fertilizer Rate 130 kg/ha of N, 80 kg/ha of P and 110 kg/ha of K
Planting Spacing 90cm x 50cm
Husbandry Chillies are grown ideally in hot season. Manual weeding is usual for weed control. It is most critical at the reproductive phase. Peppers thrive best if supplied with a generous amount of organic matter.Sow in the nursery. It will take about 2-3 weeks for them to germinate. It will then be ready for transplanting within 6 weeks. Planting on the farm field is done on wet furrows by pressing the seedling down with your index finger deep enough – roughly one inch.
Pest & Diseases Pest Name Symptoms Control
Expected Duration from Planting to Harvesting 3 months
Climatic Conditions Grow best on well-drained loamy soils at pH 5.5-6.8 and a rainfall between 600 and 1250 mm. Optimal temperatures for productivity are between 18 and 30°C.
Harvesting Chilies are colored green and after several weeks, the fruits will turn red. Harvest the chilies before they shrivel.
Post Harvest and Storage Chilies are dried to preserve them for long periods of time
Growing Regions Eastern Province, Central Kenya and Coastal region
Expected yields 5 ton/ha

PROCESSING

Processing They can be preserved in the form of a jam, or by drying, pickling or freezing. You can dry in the sun for 10-20 days.

MARKETING

Place Chilli are marketed locally and internationally.
Price Kshs 20 – 60 per 1kg

CONSUMPTION

Products / By Products Chilli Sauce, Chilli Powder, Chilli Paste, Chilli Flavours
Nutritional value – per 100 g / % Daily Values Chilies are rich in Vitamin C and it also helps in boosting the metabolism.

FACTS & FIGURES

Chili is by far the most important fruit in Bhutan.

BUSINESS CASE

Income Per Hectare: Kshs 100,000 (5,000kgs * 20/-)Cost per Hectare: Kshs. 40,000 (40% of Income).

NET:    Kshs. 60,000 (60% of Income).

Break Even Yield (Where Cost=Income): = 2000 kgs per hectare.

Income Frequency: Twice per year. Thrice under irrigation.




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