|Chili peppers originated in the Americas. Chili peppers have been a part of the human diet in the Americas since at least 7500 BC.|
|Varieties||Long Cayenne Chilli Pepper|
|Seed Rate||200-800 grams per hectare|
|Fertilizer Rate||130 kg/ha of N, 80 kg/ha of P and 110 kg/ha of K|
|Planting Spacing||90cm x 50cm|
|Husbandry||Chillies are grown ideally in hot season. Manual weeding is usual for weed control. It is most critical at the reproductive phase. Peppers thrive best if supplied with a generous amount of organic matter.Sow in the nursery. It will take about 2-3 weeks for them to germinate. It will then be ready for transplanting within 6 weeks. Planting on the farm field is done on wet furrows by pressing the seedling down with your index finger deep enough – roughly one inch.|
|Pest & Diseases||Pest Name||Symptoms||Control|
|Expected Duration from Planting to Harvesting||3 months|
|Climatic Conditions||Grow best on well-drained loamy soils at pH 5.5-6.8 and a rainfall between 600 and 1250 mm. Optimal temperatures for productivity are between 18 and 30°C.|
|Harvesting||Chilies are colored green and after several weeks, the fruits will turn red. Harvest the chilies before they shrivel.|
|Post Harvest and Storage||Chilies are dried to preserve them for long periods of time|
|Growing Regions||Eastern Province, Central Kenya and Coastal region|
|Expected yields||5 ton/ha|
|Processing||They can be preserved in the form of a jam, or by drying, pickling or freezing. You can dry in the sun for 10-20 days.|
|Place||Chilli are marketed locally and internationally.|
|Price||Kshs 20 – 60 per 1kg|
|Products / By Products||Chilli Sauce, Chilli Powder, Chilli Paste, Chilli Flavours|
|Nutritional value – per 100 g / % Daily Values||Chilies are rich in Vitamin C and it also helps in boosting the metabolism.|
FACTS & FIGURES
|Chili is by far the most important fruit in Bhutan.|
|Income Per Hectare: Kshs 100,000 (5,000kgs * 20/-)Cost per Hectare: Kshs. 40,000 (40% of Income).
NET: Kshs. 60,000 (60% of Income).
Break Even Yield (Where Cost=Income): = 2000 kgs per hectare.
Income Frequency: Twice per year. Thrice under irrigation.
- Agro Services