|Cabbages are grown mainly for the local market. They are valuable as sources of vitamins and minerals, as well as a source of cash for smallscale farmers in rural and peri-urban areas. Cabbage heads generally range from 0.45 to 3.6 kg. Cabbage was domesticated somewhere in Europe before 1000 BC.|
|Varieties||Sugarloaf, Drumhead, Copenhagen, Gloria F1 Hybrid, Victoria F1, Sugar Loaf|
|Fertilizer Rate||200kg/ha CAN when seedlings are 20cm high followed by 200kg/ha three weeks later|
|Planting Spacing||60cm/60cm 27778 plants/ha)|
|Husbandry||Prepare land well before transplanting. Intercrop cabbages with trap crops like Tomato reportedly repels diamondback moth and spinach, beans or dill reportedly reduces aphid infestation.|
|Pest & Diseases||Pest Name||Symptoms||Control|
|AphidsBlack rot||Pale green aphids covered with light dust of mealy powder.Dwarfing
Heading is hindered.
|Expected Duration from Planting to Harvesting||2.5 – 5 months depending on the variety|
|Climatic Conditions||Cabbage is a biennial plant that grows best under full sunlight. The optimum mean temperature for growth and quality head development is 15-18°C. Cabbage grows well on a wide range of soils with adequate moisture and fertility. Soil pH in the range of 6.0-6.5 is preferred, but cabbage will tolerate a soil pH range of 5.5 to 6.8. Cabbage is a heavy feeder, so to get good yields, proper fertilisation is necessary.|
|Harvesting||Cabbage is often hand-harvested when heads are firm to the touch but before cracking begins. With hand harvesting, a given field is harvested two to four times to obtain heads of uniform size and maturity.|
|Post Harvest and Storage||Cabbages are harvested and consumed while fresh. Storage should be in cold spaces.|
|Growing Regions||Central and Western Kenya.|
|Expected yields||Up to 20 ton/ha|
|Processing||Grated for salads.|
|Place||Sold locally mostly in urban areas|
|Price||Kshs 10 – 40 per Piece|
|Products / By Products||Coleslaw and Salad mixes. Mostly cooked as vegetables.|
|Nutritional value – per 100 g / % Daily Values||Energy 23.0 / 1%; Carbohydrates 5.5 / 2%; Fat 0.1 / 0%; Protein 1.3 / 3%; Phosphorus 33.0 / 3%; Pottasium 196 / 6%.|
FACTS & FIGURES
|Most fresh markets prefer heads that weigh on average 1 – 2.5kg.Almost half of the world cabbages are grown in China.|
|Income Per Hectare: Kshs 200,000 (20,000kgs * 10/-)Cost per Hectare: Kshs. 50,000 (40% of Income).
NET: Kshs. 150,000 (60% of Income).
Break Even Yield (Where Cost=Income): = 5000 pieces per hectare.
Income Frequency: Twice per year.
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