Kale or borecole is a form of cabbage, with green or purple leaves, in which the central leaves do not form a head. Kale is a very popular seed variety grown across Africa. It gives continous yields for up to 6 months before flowering thus profitable to farmers. The leaves are well flavoured and easy to cook. It is popular in the local market


Varieties Thousand headed, Collard, Marrow stem, Sukuma siku
Seed Rate 300gm/ha
Fertilizer Rate 200kg/ha DAP
Planting Spacing 45cm x 45cm
Husbandry Kale is usually transplanted after 4-5 weeks of sowing in the nursery. Weeding is done immediately the weed start immerging. Keep your plants well watered. Keeping the soil moist will also help keep the leaves sweet and crisp. Side dressing (fertilizing along the rows) with compost in 6-8 weeks will help keep your kale producing.
Pest & Diseases Pest Name Symptoms Control
Cutworms Cutworms feed at night and either bites at side of stem at ground level causing plant to fall over, or may cut stem at ground level completely.Found hidden in the soil near the cuts stem Plant with furadan
Expected Duration from Planting to Harvesting 2.5 – 3.5 months. Each plant can be harvested 3-5 times for 6 months.
Climatic Conditions The optimum mean temperature for growth is 15-18°C. Grows well on a wide range of soils with adequate moisture and fertility. Soil pH in the range of 6.0-6.5 is preferred.
Harvesting You can begin to cut individual leaves off the kale when the plant is approximately 8 to 10 inches high, starting with the outside or bottom leaves first. If you decide to harvest the entire plant, cut the stock two inches above the soil and the plant will sprout new leaves in 1 to 2 weeks.
Post Harvest and Storage You can also pick kale regularly and store it in the fridge for up to a week. If you choose to do so, keep it lightly moist and place it in a bag, but unsealed, in the crisper bin.
Growing Regions Central Kenya, Western Regions, Rift valley.
Expected yields Up to 20 ton/ha


Processing Kale or sukumawiki (swahili) is consumed fresh. Sometime its dried and stored for further consumption.


Place to market Kale is marketed locally especially in urban areas in groceries
Market Price Kshs 700 – 1900 per 70kg bag


Products / By Products Kale Leaves for cooking.
Nutritional value – per 100 g / % Daily Values Kale is very high in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, and rich in calcium. Kale also contain sulforaphane (particularly when chopped or minced), a chemical with potent anti-cancer properties.


Until the end of the Middle Ages, kale was one of the most common green vegetables in all of Europe.kale is also a source of indole-3-carbinol, a chemical which boosts DNA repair in cells.


Income Per Hectare: Kshs 200,000 (20,000kgs * 10/-)Cost per Hectare: Kshs. 60,000 (30% of Income).NET:    Kshs. 140,000 (70% of Income).

Break Even Yield (Where Cost=Income): = 600 kgs per hectare.

Income Frequency: Twice per year.