Crops

Carrots

INTRODUCTION The wild ancestors of the carrot are likely to have come from Iran and Afghanistan, which remains the centre of diversity of D. carota, the wild carrot....

Cotton

INTRODUCTION Locally known as Pamba (Swahili). World wide there are about 33 million hectares of cotton crops. Until now, mostly brown, green and beige varieties had...

Onions

INTRODUCTION Onions are grown by smallholder farming in most countries. Its highly identified with traditional medicine (e.g. as a diuretic). In the tropics onions can...

Cassava

INTRODUCTION Cassava typically grows as a shrub and a native of Latin America. It was introduced to Africa by Portuguese traders in the late 16th century. It is grown on...

Sugarcane

INTRODUCTION Sugarcane provides over 50% of the world’s sugar requirements. It can grow in any country where it is not exposed to frost. The main product of...

Pumpkins

INTRODUCTION Pumpkin, locally known as Budho (Luo), Malenge (Kiwahili), Lisiebebe (Luhya), Marenge (Kikuyu), Risoa (Kisii), Ulenge (Kamba) are native to North America....

Yam

INTRODUCTION White yam or Water yam or Greater yam is native to Southeast Asia and West Africa contributes 90% of yam production in the world. Elsewhere in Africa, the...

Rice

INTRODUCTION Rice locally known as mchele or mpunga (upland rice) can be irrigated, rain-fed lowland and upland. Rice is cultivated primarily for the grain. Grains are...