Avocado

INTRODUCTION The avocado is native to the Americas. It is very nutritious with a high protein and oil content and is becoming increasingly important as an export crop. ...

Capsicum

INTRODUCTION Capsicum is also known as pilipili hoho in Swahili. Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Its species are native to...

Potatoes

INTRODUCTION Potato is locally referred as Walu (Kikuyu), Kiazi (swahili), Egiasi, Mbatata and Enkwashei. Potato originated in the highlands of South America, where it...

Maize

INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea mays L), is from Spanish: maíz after Taíno mahiz, known in many English-speaking countries as corn, is a grain domesticated by the Olmec and...

Wheat

INTRODUCTION Wheat or ngano (in Swahili) is the most widely adapted, being grown from sea-level to altitudes of more than 4500 m, and from the equator to within the...

Tomatoes

INTRODUCTION Tomatoes are native to South and Central America, and are now cultivated widely throughout the world. They were brought back to Europe by Christopher...

Onions

INTRODUCTION Onions are grown by smallholder farming in most countries. Its highly identified with traditional medicine (e.g. as a diuretic). In the tropics onions can...

Kale

INTRODUCTION Kale or borecole is a form of cabbage, with green or purple leaves, in which the central leaves do not form a head. Kale is a very popular seed variety...

Cabbages

INTRODUCTION Cabbages are grown mainly for the local market. They are valuable as sources of vitamins and minerals, as well as a source of cash for smallscale farmers in...

Cucumber

INTRODUCTION Cucumber is grown for the immature fruits, which are eaten fresh (slicing cucumber), or used for pickles (pickling cucumber). The slicing cucumbers are...

Carrots

INTRODUCTION The wild ancestors of the carrot are likely to have come from Iran and Afghanistan, which remains the centre of diversity of D. carota, the wild carrot....

Pigeon peas

INTRODUCTION Pigeon peas also referred in Swahili as mbaazi is produced as a vegetable or export grain crop in southern and eastern Africa. Pigeon pea is a perennial...

Pineapple

INTRODUCTION The pineapple is native to South America, but it is now widely grown throughout the tropics and in warm locations in the subtropics. The pineapple is a...

Water Melon

INTRODUCTION Watermelon usually locally referred as Tikiti maji (Swahili) is indigenous to the dry plains of tropical and subtropical Africa. It is one of the most...

Sheep Farming

INTRODUCTION Sheep farming is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep. Sheep are raised principally for their meat, lamb or mutton, for their milk, or for wool. They...

Rabbit Farming

INTRODUCTION Rabbit production is one of the livestock enterprises with the greatest potential and room for expansion in Kenya. This is because of their minimal...

Poultry Farming

INTRODUCTION Poultry farming is the raising o fdomesticated bird such as chickens, turkeys,ducks and geese for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for...

Pig Farming

INTRODUCTION Pig farming in Kenya can yield a rapid rate of return on capital employed if only pig farmers make little attempt to obtain maximum productivity. Often pig...

Goat Farming

INTRODUCTION The goat is a versatile animal. It is known as the ‘poor man’s cow’ in India. Goats can be kept with littler expense. Marginal or undulating...

Fish Farming

INTRODUCTION Aquaculture industry in Kenya has greatly grown over the last few decades. Promotion of aquaculture started in the early 1920s as a subsistence means of...

Dairy Cattle

INTRODUCTION Dairy farming is a long-term milk production activity, from which milk may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing...

Beef Cattle

INTRODUCTION Beef cattle are domesticated animals raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The meat of adult cattle...